Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Effects of Pathogenic and Toxic Materials Transported via Cooling Device Drift. Volume 2. Appendices.
Author Freudenthal, H. E. ; Rubenstein, J. E. ; Uzzo, A. ;
CORP Author H2M Corp., Farmingdale, NY.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-68-02-2625; EPA-600/7-79-251B;
Stock Number PB80-177611
Additional Subjects Toxicology ; Mathematical models ; Prediction ; Diseases ; Cooling towers ; Occurrence ; Public health ; Concentration(Composition) ; Pathology ; Toxicity ; Water pollution ; Plumes ; Pathogens ; Toxic substances
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB80-177611 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 359p
The report describes a mathematical model that predicts the percent of the population affected by a pathogen or toxic substance emitted in a cooling tower plume, and gives specific applications of the model. Eighty-five pathogens (or diseases) are cataloged as potentially occurring in U.S. waters, but there is insufficient data to predict the probability of occurrence or relate their occurrence to public health, population, or pollution. Sixty-five toxic substances are cataloged as potentially occurring in U.S. waters, but the actual number is probably many times the EPA-supplied list. Toxic concentrations to persons, animals, and plants are known for only a few of the chemicals: most toxic levels can be only inferred from animal studies. In the population as a whole, the epidemiological impact of a pathogen is a function of age, sex distribution, racial (genetic) distribution, general health and well-being, prior exposure, and immunological deficiency states. While cooling device drift may not be directly responsible for epidemics, it may potentiate the burden in an already weakened population, raising a segment of the population into the clinical state. The effect of toxic substances is difficult to evaluate because of inadequate data on humans. The effect is a function of concentration in susceptible tissue, and is much less dependent than pathogens on host resistance.