||Research and development : quantification of methane emissions and discussion of nitrous oxide, and ammonia emissions from septic tanks, latrines, and stagnant open sewers in the world /
Doorn, Michiel R. J. ;
Liles, D. S.
||ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, Durham, NC.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. National Risk Management Research Lab.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Risk Management Research Laboratory,
||EPA/600/R-99/089; EPA-68-D4-0005; EPA-68-C-99-201
Air pollution monitors ;
Nitrous oxides ;
Air pollution sources ;
Septic tanks ;
Toilet facilities ;
Greenhouse gases ;
Quantitative analysis ;
Air pollution sampling ;
Nitrogen cycle ;
Sanitary engineering ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||58 pages ; 28 cm
This study is a first attempt to estimate global and country-specific methane (CH4) emissions from open sewers and on-site wastewater treatment systems, including latrines and septic sewage tanks. This study uses an emission factor that expresses CH4 emissions in terms of removed Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD(removed)). An appendix to this report includes a discussion of nitrogen cycle effects in these systems to qualify ammonia (NH3) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from these systems. It was concluded that these systems are not likely to contribute and significant quantity of NH3 and N2O to the atmosphere.
"Susan A. Thorneloe, project officer." Microfiche.