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RECORD NUMBER: 14 OF 59

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Evaluation of Host Resistance and Immune Function in Cadmium-Exposed Mice (Journal Version).
Author Thomas, P. T. ; Ratajczak, H. V. ; Aranyi, C. ; Gibbons, R. ; Fenters, J. D. ;
CORP Author IIT Research Inst., Chicago, IL. Life Sciences Div.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.;National Inst. of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher c1985
Year Published 1985
Report Number N01-ES-1-5000; EPA/600/J-85/533;
Stock Number PB89-105480
Additional Subjects Toxicity ; Cadmium ; Toxic substances ; Immunity ; Immune system ; Herpes simpley ; Laboratory animals ; Exposure ; Mortality ; Body weight ; Disease susceptibility ; Antibody formation ; Phagocytosis ; Natural killer cells ; Lymphocytes ; Tissue distribution ;
Holdings
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Status
NTIS  PB89-105480 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 03/14/1989
Collation 13p
Abstract
Adult female B6C3F1 mice received distilled water only or water containing 10, 50, or 250 ppm of cadmium chloride (CdCl2) for 90 days. On Day 91 mice also received a primary challenge with various infectious agents. There was no change in body weight gain, organ weights, or in humoral immunity during treatment even though cadmium had accumulated in significant quantities in the tissues. Compared with controls, exposure to cadmium had no statistically significant effect on mortality and mean survival time following primary or secondary challenge with any of the infectious agents. However, there was a dose-related, increased susceptibility to Herpes simplex type 2 virus. T- and B-lymphocyte proliferation was significantly reduced, and macrophage phagocytosis was significantly increased following cadmium exposure. NK cell activity was augmented, but not significantly. Macrophage bactericidal activity and DTH were not significantly altered. (Copyright (c) 1985 Academic Press, Inc.)