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RECORD NUMBER: 214 OF 521

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Field Scale Testing of a Hyperfiltration Unit for Removal of Creosote and Pentachlorophenol from Ground Water: Chemical and Biological Assessment.
Author Middaugh, D. P. ; Thomas, R. L. ; Lantz, S. E. ; Heard, C. S. ; Mueller, J. G. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL. ;SBP Technologies, Inc., Gulf Breeze, FL.
Publisher c1994
Year Published 1994
Report Number EPA/600/J-94/280;
Stock Number PB94-191061
Additional Subjects Water pollution control ; Filtration ; Wood preservatives ; Superfund ; Creosote ; Phenols ; Ground water ; Water treatment ; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ; Remedial action ; Hazardous materials ; Field tests ; Technology innovation ; Toxicity ; Reprints ; PCP(Pentachlorophenol) ; Hyperfiltration ; Escambia County(Florida) ; SITE(Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation) ; Menidia beryllina ; Ceriodaphnia dubia
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
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Status
NTIS  PB94-191061 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 11/11/1994
Collation 12p
Abstract
Chemical analyses and biological response data were used to assess the efficacy of a field-scale hyperfiltration unit in the removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and other organic compounds from creosote- and pentachlorophenol (PCP)-contaminated ground water recovered from the former American Creosote Works in Escambia County, Pensacola, Florida. The hyperfiltration unit consisted of 4 modules containing porous stainless steel tubes which were coated with a formed-in-place zirconium hydrous oxide-polyacrylic acid (ZOPA) membrane. A 5-fold concentration of the feedwater (80% volume reduction) with up to 97% removal of high molecular weight PAHs was achieved during pre-demonstration and field-demonstration runs of the hyperfiltration unit. Toxicological and teratogenic data for embryonic inland silversides, Menidia beryllina, indicated that 100, 10 and 1% solutions of the ground water sample used in the pre-demonstration run caused statistically significant (p < or - 0.05) biological responses when compared to controls. Permeates from both runs, diluted to 1%, met the pre-condition of non-toxic responses in 48h tests with Ceriodaphnia dubia. Meeting this requirement allowed for discharge of diluted permeate into the county's sanitary sewerage collector system.