||Ecological recovery after reclamation of toxic spoils left by coal surface mining : phase II : an assessment of environmental changes following intensive remedial treatments : project summary /
Zarger, T. G. ;
Scanlon, D. H. ;
Nicholson, C. P. ;
Brown, S. R. ;
Starnes, L. B.
||Tennessee Valley Authority, Norris. Div. of Land and Economic Resources.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Lab.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory,
Reclamation of land--Tennessee. ;
Strip mining--Environmental aspects--Tennessee.
Land reclamation ;
Water pollution ;
Surface mining ;
Environmental impacts ;
Aquatic animals ;
Soil erosion ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||144 pages : 1 map ; 28 cm
The study involves a selected watershed in which surface mining and unsuccessful reclamation efforts in the early 1970s resulted in adverse environmental impacts. Work on the east Tennessee problem mine sought to correct reclamation deficiencies by applying land stabilization treatments and then to evaluate their effectiveness by measuring the degree of recovery of the affected terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Conditions documented during the mining and reclamation, and those following restorative treatments provide a measure of ecological recovery. Evaluations on environmental effects cover vegetation, soils, water quality, aquatic macroinvertebrates, fish, small mammals, birds, and sedimentation.
"July 1987." "EPA/600/2-87/052." Microfiche.