Key Note Address -- Energy Security For The Euro-Atlantic Region -- Environment, Security, And Development Challenges In The 21St Century -- Environmental Security Concerns: Sources -- Post-Conflict Environmental Challenges -- Post-Conflict Environmental Health Risk: The Role Of Risk Analysis In Foreign Policy -- A Treaty For A Southeast European Energy Community -- Natural Resources Management In The Absence Of The Rule Of Law: A Case Study From Bosnia And Herzegovina -- Kosovo - Energy And Environmental Challenges To Security -- Transboundary Environmental Challenges -- Multinational Approaches: A Tool For The Prevention And Reduction Of The Risks Of Nuclear Energy -- The Security-Environment Nexus Along The Czech-Austrian Border: Theory, Spatiality And Perception -- Regional Security And International Legal Regulation Of Water Protection And Use - The Case Of Serbia -- The International Community'S Approach To Environmental Security Challenges -- International Organizations' Co-Operation Around Environment And Security -- Countering Threats To Environmental Security: The Role Of Nato -- Transatlantic Energy Security -- Dependence On Middle East Energy And Its Impact On Global Security -- Bulgarian Energetics Management And Environmental Security -- Security Concerns In The Middle East For Oil Supply: Problems And Solutions -- Energy Security And The Environment In Eastern Europe: The Case Study Of Ukraine -- Ecologically Friendly Utilization Of Coal Processing Waste As A Secondary Energy Source -- Modern Technologies In New Lignite Power Plants In Kosovo And Their Impact On Energy And Environmental Security -- Climate Change -- Can Energy Technologies Provide Energy Security And Climate Change Mitigation? -- Kyoto And Beyond: Can Europe And The United States Find Common Ground On Meeting The Challenge? -- Scenarios Of Environmental Change And Migration -- Security Of The Energy Sector In Albania In The Face Of Climate Change -- Small Hydropower Resources And Prospects Of Small Hydropower Electric Plants In The Near-Border Regions Of Ukraine -- The Risks Of Using Renewable Energies -- Environmental Performance -- Stochastic Simulation As An Instrument For Technological Systems Environmental Performance -- Integrated Management And Environmental Clean-Up Of Contaminated Areas Around The Industrial Areas Of Elbasani In Albania -- Environmental Risk Assessment Of A Textile Factory In Turkey. On 21 November 2007 the grand and elegant Delegates Hall of the Hungarian Parliament was the scene of the opening of a conference to discuss some of the most pressing issues of the day, those related to our unending thirst for energy, its environmental consequences, and the challenges that these bear on security. Over the next 3 days scientists, parliamentarians and their guests confronted, challenged, teased and cajoled each other in a NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) entitled "Energy and Environmental Challenges to Security," affirming that knowledge and public service hold the keys to solving our greatest challenges. The magnitude of the security challenge was confirmed while this volume was being prepared. In mid-2008, the International Energy Agency issued a report concluding that US$45 trillion would be needed over the next half century to prevent energy shortages and greenhouse gas emissions from undermining global economic growth. But lest such large numbers cause us all to shrug, this volume brings attention to some of the more manageable aspects of the environment and energy security challenge - from addressing conflict resources such as illegal timber that contribute to corruption and regional instability, to means and mechanisms to enable the diversification of energy supplies, to environmental risk reduction strategies for particular installations. The participants in the Hungarian Parliament building were atypical for a NATO Advanced Research Workshop.