Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Photochemical reactivity of perchloroethylene /
Author Dimitriades, Basil ; Gay, Jr., Bruce W. ; Arnts, Robert R. ; Seila, Robert L.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Dimitriades, Basil.
CORP Author Environmental Sciences Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1983
Report Number EPA/600/3-83/001
Stock Number PB83-163014
Subjects Organic compounds. ; Photochemical smog--United States.
Additional Subjects Air pollution ; Ozone ; Oxidizers ; Regulations ; Chlorine organic compounds ; Dry cleaning ; Urban areas ; Chemical reactions ; Reaction kinetics ; Test chambers ; Smog ; Ethylene/tetrachloro ; State implementation plans
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB83-163014 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation 73 pages ; 28 cm
Perchloroethylene (PCE), a solvent used in dry cleaning, has been suspected of contributing significantly to photochemical ozone/oxidant (O3/Ox) problems in urban atmospheres. Past evidence, however, was neither complete nor consistent. To interpret more conclusively the past evidence, and further understand PCE's role in the O3/Ox problem, a smog chamber testing program was conducted. The program's objectives were: (a) to generate additional evidence on the mechanism of the PCE reaction in smog chamber atmospheres, and (b) to extrapolate the smog chamber findings regarding PCE reactivity to the real atmosphere. Results showed that (a) in smog chambers, PCE reacts and forms O3/Ox following a Cl-instigated photo-oxidation mechanism rather than the OH-initiated mechanism accepted in current smog chemistry and (b) in the real atmosphere neither the Cl-instigated nor the OH-instigated photooxidations of PCE can generate substantial concentrations of O3/Ox. In fact, PCE contributes less to the ambient O3/Ox problem than ethane.
"Environmental Sciences Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development." "January 1983." "EPA-600/3-83-001." "PB83-156935." Includes bibliographical references. Microfiche.