||Comparison of the Responses of Children and Adults to Acute Ozone Exposure.
McDonnell, W. F. ;
Chapman, R. S. ;
Horstman, D. H. ;
Leigh, M. W. ;
Salaam., S. A. ;
||North Carolina Univ. at Chapel Hill. Dept. of Pediatrics.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Air pollution effects(Humans)
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The purpose of the paper is to compare the results of two studies in which the respiratory responses of children and adults to acute ozone (O3) exposure were measured. Forty-two 18-30 year old males were exposed for 2.5 hours in a controlled environmental chamber to either 0.0 or 0.12 ppm O3 while performing intermittent heavy exercise. Twenty-two 8-11 year old males were exposed in a similar manner to both air and 0.12 ppm O3. Measures of respiratory symptoms and function were made before and after exposure. Adults experienced an increase in the symptom cough and decrements in forced vital capacity and some measures of forced expiratory flow. Children experienced similar decrements in pulmonary function, but had no increase in symptoms. The authors concluded that as measured by pulmonary function children appear to be no more responsive to O3 exposure than are adults and may experience fewer symptoms.