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RECORD NUMBER: 25 OF 64

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Greenhouse Gases from Biomass and Fossil Fuel Stoves in Developing Countries: A Manila Pilot Study.
Author Smith, K. R. ; Khalil, M. A. K. ; Rasmussen, R. A. ; Thorneloe, S. A. ; Manegdeg, F. ;
CORP Author East-West Environment and Policy Inst., Honolulu, HI. ;Oregon Graduate Inst. of Science and Technology, Beaverton. ;Philippines Univ., Diliman, Quezon City. Coll. of Engineering. ;Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air and Energy Engineering Research Lab.
Publisher c1993
Year Published 1993
Report Number EPA-68-D9-0173; EPA/600/J-94/229;
Stock Number PB94-170016
Additional Subjects Greenhouse gases ; Stoves ; Air pollution sampling ; Reprints ; Global warming ; Combustion products ; Developing countries ; Philippines ; Biomass ; Fossil fuels ; Non-methane hydrocarbons ; Nitrogen oxide(N2O) ; Methane ; Houses ; Combustion efficiency ; Emission factors ; Carbon monoxide ; Carbon dioxide ; Manila(Philippines) ; Small systems
Holdings
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Status
NTIS  PB94-170016 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 09/01/1994
Collation 29p
Abstract
Samples were taken of the combustion gases released by household cookstoves in Manila, Philippines. In a total of 24 samples, 14 cookstoves were tested. These were fueled by liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), kerosene (three kinds of stoves), charcoal, and wood. Ambient samples were also taken. All samples were analyzed for CO2, CO, CH4, N2O, and total non-methane organic compounds (TNMOC). Results generally confirm increasing emissions for most products of incomplete combustion moving down the 'energy ladder' from gaseous to liquid to processed solid to unprocessed solid fuels. When weighted by global warming potentials, the greenhouse impact of the emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases from wood combustion may rival or exceed those from CO2 alone. If verified, this could have substantial implications for energy and environmental policies in developing countries. These tentative findings indicate that more measurements of this type in developing countries would be justified.