||Colloidal-facilitated transport of inorganic contaminants in ground water part I. sampling considerations,
Puls, Robert W. ;
Eychaner, J. H. ;
Powell, R. M.
||Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Lab., Ada, OK. ;Geological Survey, Tucson, AZ. ;NSI Technology Services Corp., Ada, OK.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory,
Ground water ;
Water pollution ;
Dissolved gases ;
Field tests ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||12 pages ; 28 cm
Investigations at Pinal Creek, Arizona, evaluated routine sampling procedures for determination of aqueous inorganic geochemistry and assessment of contaminant transport by colloidal mobility. Sampling variables included pump type and flow rate, collection under air or nitrogen, and filter pore diameter. During well purging and sample collection, suspended particle size and number as well as dissolved oxygen, temperature, specific conductance, pH, and redox potential were monitored. Laboratory analyses of both unfiltered samples and the filtrates were performed by inductively coupled argon plasma, atomic absorption with graphite furnace, and ion chromatography. Scanning electron microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray was also used for analysis of the filtered particulates. Suspended particle counts consistently required approximately twice as long as the other field-monitored indicators to stabilize. High-flow-rate pumps entrained normally nonmobile particles. Differences in elemental concentrations using different filter-pore sizes were generally not large with only two wells having differences greater than 10 percent in most elemental concentrations, although trends showed increasing concentrations with increasing filter pore sizes in most wells. Similar differences (>10%) were observed for some wells when samples were collected under nitrogen rather than in air.
EPA/600/M-90/023. PB91-168419. "Environmental Research Brief."