Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 13 OF 16

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Statistical Models for Water Main Failures.
Author Marks, D. H. ; Andreou, S. ; Jeffrey, L. ; Park, C. ; Zaslavsky, A. ;
CORP Author Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge. Dept. of Civil Engineering.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Water Engineering Research Lab.
Year Published 1987
Report Number EPA/600/5-87/003;
Stock Number PB88-103775
Additional Subjects Water pipelines ; Breaking ; Failure ; Statistical analysis ; Mathematical models ; Cincinnati(Ohio) ; New Haven(Connecticut)
Holdings
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Status
NTIS  PB88-103775 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/21/1988
Collation 119p
Abstract
A detailed statistical analysis of pipe break records from New Haven, Connecticut, and Cincinnati, Ohio, water distribution systems focussed on deriving predictive models for pipe failure probabilities at the individual pipe level. The statistical methodology of the proportional hazards model was applied to estimate failure probabilities in the earlier phases of pipe deterioration. Another set of models, derived for pipes with frequent multiple breaks, assumed a roughly constant break rate for the later breaks. These methodologies were useful in statistically describing the failure process and in distinguishing those pipes which were most likely to break. The models provided insights into factors contributing to breaks, such as pressure, land development, soil corrosivity, and the age of the pipe. Water utilities can use the modeling of the probabilities of pipe maintenance events over time in formulating strategies for repair, replacement, and rehabilitation.