||Pentachlorophenol Toxicity to Amphipods and Fathead Minnows at Different Test pH Values.
Spehar, R. L. ;
Nelson, H. P. ;
Swanson, M. J. ;
Renoos, J. W. ;
||Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, MN.
Water pollution ;
Industrial wastes ;
Chlorine organic compounds ;
Life cycles ;
Water pollution effects(Animals) ;
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Juvenile amphipods (Gammarus pseudolimnaeus and Crangonyx pseudogracilis) and fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) were exposed to pentachlorophenol (PCP) at pH values of 6.5, 7.5, 8.0 and 8.5 for 96 h, and early life stages of fathead minnows were exposed for 32 d at the same pH values to determine the relationship between test pH and the acute and chronic toxicity of PCP. Residue analyses were performed on fathead minnows after 32 d to determine the relationship between test pH and PCP bioaccumulation. Technical-grade PCP was used as the toxicant source. Acute exposures with all three species showed that PCP toxicity was decreased with increased test pH.