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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Aging and Responses to Toxins in Female Reproductive Functions.
Author May, P. C. ; Finch, C. E. ;
CORP Author University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Ethel Percy Andrus Gerontology Center.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Health and Environmental Assessment.
Publisher cSep 88
Year Published 1988
Report Number EPA/600/J-88/295 ; OHEA-R-279
Stock Number PB89-202303
Additional Subjects Reproduction(Biology) ; Females ; Toxicology ; Toxins ; Aging(Biology) ; Laboratory animals ; Mice ; Reproductive system ; Reprints ; Senescence ; Ovulation ; Estrous cycle
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
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NTIS  PB89-202303 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 12/18/1989
Collation 8p
Abstract
Female reproductive functions improve after puberty to reach a maximum within the first quarter of the lifespan of most mammals. Thereafter, there are progressive declines with age leading in most mammalian species to a loss of fertility by midlife. The changes are complex and there can be extensive variations in their timing among individuals, even in inbred rodents. Three markers of reproductive function, length of ovulatory (or estrous) cycles, infertility, and fetal abnormalities, are extensively utilized to monitor reproductive senescence and may be equally valuable in assessing the potential toxicity of xenobiotic agents. The article describes the parameters used to evaluate reproductive function and normal changes with age. In addition, two paradigms that disrupt normal reproductive function in young mature rodents will be briefly described as useful models for analysis of reproductive toxicity. (Copyright (c) 1988 Pergamon Press plc.)