||Quantification of dust entrainment from paved roadways /
Cowherd, Chatten. ;
Maxwell, Christine M. ;
Nelson., Daniel W.
||Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, Mo.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
|| Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Waste Management, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Field tests ;
Particle size distribution ;
Management planning ;
Wind erosion ;
Air pollution ;
Numerical analysis ;
Fugitive emissions ;
Air quality ;
Air pollution sampling ;
Kansas City(Missouri) ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||xi, 79 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
This report presents the results of a field testing program to develop emission factors for fugitive dust entrainment from paved urban roads. Substantial evidence has been compiled which indicates that dust emissions from city streets are a major cause of nonattainment of national air quality standards for total suspended particulates (TSP). Therefore, the quantification of this source is necessary to the development of effective attainment and maintenance strategies. Field testing was conducted at representative sites in the Kansas City area. At one location, controlled amounts of pulverized top soil and gravel fines were applied to the road surface. The basic measurements consisted of isokinetic exposure and concentration profiles of airborne dust, particle size distributions, dust deposition profiles, surface dust loading, and traffic characteristics. In addition, conventional high-volume samplers were used to determine attenuation of TSP concentration with distance from the source. Emissions are found to vary directly with traffic volume and surface loading of silt (fines). The dust emission factor for normally loaded urban streets ranges from 1 to 15 g/vehicle-km, depending on land use. Approximately 90% of the emissions (by weight) is less than 30 micrometers in diameter and 50% less than 5 micrometers in diameter.
Prepared under contract no. 68-02-1403, task order no. 25. Issued July 1977. Includes bibliographical references. Microfiche.