Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Identification of Toxic Components in Oil Refinery Effluents and Determination of Their Effect Upon the Aquatic Biota.
Author Dorri, Troy C. ; Burk, Sterling L. ; Cur, Milton R. ; Walle, George R. ; Broemelin, Lyle D. ;
CORP Author Oklahoma Water Resources Research Center, Stillwater.
Year Published 1972
Report Number DI-14-31-0001-3321; OWRR-B-071-OKLA; 02609,; B-071-OKLA(1)
Stock Number PB-213 493
Additional Subjects ( Refineries ; Water pollution) ; ( Water pollution ; Industrial wastes) ; ( Toxicology ; Industrial wastes) ; ( Water analysis ; Industrial wastes) ; Fishes ; Bioassay ; Daphnia ; Minnows ; Gas chromatography ; Mass spectroscopy ; Metals ; Atomic spectroscopy ; Phenols ; Hydrocarbons ; Petroleum refining ; Petrochemical industry ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Pimephales promelas
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-213 493 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 116p
Carbon adsorption, solvent extraction, steam distillation and flash evaporation techniques were used to remove organic fractions from oil refinery effluents. Toxicity of organic fractions was evaluated by bioassay with fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) and Daphnia (Daphnia magna). Demonstrably toxic fractions were subjected to gas chromatography and combination gas chromatography - mass spectrometry analyses. Concentrations of toxic heavy metals in the refinery effluents were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The flash evaporation technique removed most of the acute toxins from the effluent samples. Compounds tentatively identified were cresol, dimethyl phenol or ethyl phenol, heneicosane, docosane, tricosane, and pentacosane. It was found that the combined concentration of several of the heavy metals could be deleterious to aquatic organisms. (Author)