Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 5 OF 5

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Pollution abatement from cattle feedlots in northeastern Colorado and Nebraska /
Author Porter, Lynn K., ; Viets, Frank G. ; McCalla, T. M. ; Elliott, Lloyd F. ; Norstadt, Fred A. ; Duke, Harold R. ; Swanson, Norris P. ; Mielke, Lloyd N. ; Hutchinson, Gordon L. ; Mosier, Arvin R. ; Schuman, G. E.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Viets, Frank G.
McCalla, T. M.
Elliott, Lloyd F.
Norstadt, Fred A.
Duke, Harold R.
Swanson, Norris P.
Mielke, Lloyd N.
Hutchinson, Gordon L.
Mosier, Arvin R.
Schuman, G. E.
Porter, Lynn K.
CORP Author Agricultural Research Service, Fort Collins, Colo.
Publisher National Environmental Research Center, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1975
Report Number EPA-660/2-75-015
Stock Number PB-246 242
OCLC Number 01914743
Subjects Cattle trade--Environmental aspects--Colorado. ; Cattle trade--Environmental aspects--Nebraska. ; Feedlots--Environmental aspects--Colorado. ; Feedlots--Environmental aspects--Nebraska.
Additional Subjects Water pollution abatement ; Agricultural wastes ; Waste disposal ; Surface water runoff ; Livestock ; Cattle ; Slopes ; Climate ; Salinity ; Land use ; Drainage ; Ammonia ; Soil water ; Aeration ; Hydrogen sulfide ; Amines ; Lagoons(Ponds) ; Anaerobic processes ; Dilution ; Precipitation(Meteorology) ; Nebraska ; Colorado ; Nitrogen ; Feedlot wastes ; Manure
Internet Access
Description Access URL
http://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=9101MYB9.PDF
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 660-2-75-015 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 06/17/2013
EJBD  EPA 660-2-75-015 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 12/22/2014
EKAM  EPA 660/2-75/015 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 01/17/1997
EMBD  EPA/660/2-75/015 NRMRL/GWERD Library/Ada,OK 09/29/1995
ENAD  EPA-660/2-75-015 Region 7 IRC Library/Kansas City,KS 05/20/2005
EOBD  EPA 660-2-75-015 NEIC Library/Denver,CO 08/27/1999 DISPERSAL
NTIS  PB-246 242 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation xi, 120 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
Abstract
Climatic factors, feedlot runoff, and organic material in the runoff were evaluated in experimental and commercial feedlots. The effects of slope, stocking rates, terraces, basins, and holding ponds were evaluated to obtain the best controls for containing runoff. In eastern Nebraska, 70 cm annual precipitation produces 23 cm of runoff; whereas, in northeastern Colorado, 37 cm annual precipitation gives only 5.5 cm of runoff. Large applications of runoff liquid, up to 91 cm on grass-Ladino and 76 cm on corn, in Nebraska did not decrease yields; however, in northeastern Colorado, the concentrated high-salt runoff required dilution before direct application to crops. The organic manure-soil interface severely restricts the movement of water, nitrates, organic substances, and air into the soil beneath feedlots. The amounts of NO3-N in soil cores taken from Nebraska feedlots and croplands ranked as follows: Abandoned feedlots > feedlot cropland > upland feedlots > river valley feedlots > manure mounds > alfalfa > grassland. Feedlots contribute NH3, amines, carbonyl sulfide, H2S, and other unidentified substances to the atmosphere. Ammonia and amine can be scavenged from the air by green plants and water bodies. Anaerobic conditions in feedlots are conducive to the production of carbonyl sulfide, H2S, and amines. Management practices, such as good drainage, that enhance aeration will decrease the evolution of these compounds.
Notes
Includes bibliographical references (pages 106-110) and list of publications (pages 111-120). "Grant EPA-IAG-D4-0446; program element 1BB039; 21 BEQ/012."
Contents Notes
Introduction -- Summary -- Conclusion -- Recommendations -- Descriptions of field sites, special facilities, and methods -- Composition and amount of runoff including relation to climatic variables, slope, stocking density, site, site modification -- Disposal of runoff -- Composition of soil solution and soil atmosphere beneath feedlots -- Investigations on methods of extraction of nitrate from soil profiles of abandoned feedlots -- Airborne pollutants. Climatic factors, feedlot runoff, and organic material in the runoff were evaluated in experimental and commercial feedlots. The effects of slope, stocking rates, terraces, basins, and holding ponds were evaluated to obtain best controls for containing runoff. The organic manure-soil interface severely restricts the movement of water, nitrates, organic substances, and air into the soil beneath feedlots. Management practices, such as good drainage, that enhance aeration will decrease the evolution of volatile compounds.