Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Transportation cost analysis for sustainability
Author Litman, Todd Alexander.
Publisher Victoria Transport Policy Institute,
Year Published 1996
OCLC Number 35239927
Subjects Transportation--Costs
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELCM  HE4351.L57 T37 1999 NVFEL Library/Ann Arbor, MI 04/25/2003
Collation 16 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
"29 November 1999."; This is a locally printed version of the Adobe Acrobat file accessible via the Victoria Transport Policy Institute's website. Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Notes
Transportation decisions are affected by the distribution of costs. Consumers are most influenced by internal, variable costs. Transportation planners and policy makers are most influenced by direct market costs because they are easiest to measure. Fixed, non-market and indirect costs tend to be undervalued, which can lead to economic inefficiency and inequity. This article summarizes current research on total North American roadway transportation costs, including non-market environmental and social costs. The results indicate that automobile use is significantly underpriced, resulting in overconsumption and inefficient use of resources. The implications on sustainability criteria (economic efficiency, equity, environmental impacts, and land use patterns) are discussed. Recommendations are provided for incorporating total costs analysis in transport planning and policy analysis for better decision making.