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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Metals in Society and in the Environment A Critical Review of Current Knowledge on Fluxes, Speciation, Bioavailability and Risk for Adverse Effects of Copper, Chromium, Nickel and Zinc / [electronic resource] :
Author Landner, Lars.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Reuther, Rudolf.
Publisher Springer Netherlands,
Year Published 2005
Call Number GE1-350
ISBN 9781402027420
Subjects Environmental sciences. ; Chemistry, Physical organic. ; Geochemistry. ; Environmental toxicology. ; Soil conservation.
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Collation XX, 407 p. online resource.
Due to license restrictions, this resource is available to EPA employees and authorized contractors only
Contents Notes
Executive Summary and Conclusions -- Purpose of This Review -- Global Extraction, Production and Consumption -- Metal Cycles in Defined Geographical Areas: Europe, The Netherlands and Stockholm -- Critical Steps in Metal Fluxes from Society to the Environment - Some Case Studies -- Speciation, Mobility and Bioavailability of Metals in the Environment -- Biotic Ligand Models -- Toxic and Other Adverse Biological Effects of Trace Metals. In 2002, the Swedish Metal Information Task Force (MITF) engaged the Environmental Research Group (MFG) to update previous monographs on copper, zinc and major alloying metals (such as chromium, nickel and molybdenum) in society and in the environment. This book presents new results on metal fluxes from society to the environment, on metal speciation in water, soil and sediment, and its interpretation in terms of mobility, biological uptake and toxicity. The scientific fundamentals of new approaches, like the Acid Volatile Sulphide (AVS) concept to predict metal bioavailability in sediments, and the Biotic Ligand Model (BLM) to calculate the toxicity of metals to aquatic organisms, are critically evaluated, with a focus on copper, nickel, zinc, and, in part, chromium. Recent scientific advances now offer an improved understanding of the mechanisms and factors controlling the intricate behaviour of trace metals, their interactions, uptake and effect in natural systems. Traditional risk assessment methods usually built on quite crude toxicity tests done in unrealistic "laboratory waters", and did not consider natural conditions. In contrast, modern approaches now increasingly involve the full utilisation of site-specific factors, which are decisive for the formation of bioavailable and toxic metal forms. Audience This book provides excellent guidance to both scientists focusing on the assessment of the ecological risk of metals, and to authorities, decision makers in industry, educational staff and the interested public concerned with the occurrence and fate of trace metals.