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RECORD NUMBER: 24 OF 28

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Review of nitrous oxide behavior in the atmosphere, and in combustion and industrial systems /
Author Linak, William P. ; Kramlich, J. C.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Linak, William P.
Kramlich, John C.
CORP Author Washington Univ., Seattle. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air Pollution Prevention and Control Div.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division,
Year Published 1997
Report Number EPA/600/A-97/107
Stock Number PB98-135767
Additional Subjects Nitrous oxide ; Incinerators ; Combustion kinetics ; Chemical reactions ; Atmospheric chemistry ; Industrial equipment ; Sewage sludge ; Waste treatment ; Emissions ; Removal ; Greenhouse gases ; Air pollution sources ; Ozone depletion ; Nitrogen oxides ; Air pollution control
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
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Status
NTIS  PB98-135767 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation 44 pages ; 28 cm
Abstract
The paper reviews the behavior of nitrous oxide (N2O) in both the atmosphere and combustion and industrial systems. In the stratosphere, N2O undergoes photolysis and reacts with oxygen atoms to yield some nitric oxide (NO). N2O is also a potent absorber of infrared radiation and can contribute to global warming through the greenhouse effect. In combustion, the homogeneous reactions leading to N2O are principally NCO + NO yields N2O + CO and NH + NO yields N2O + H, with the first reaction being the more important in practical combustion systems. During high-temperature combustion, N2O forms early in the flame if fuel nitrogen is available. The high temperatures, however, ensure that little of this escapes, and emissions from most conventional combustion systems are quite low. The exception is combustion under moderate temperature conditions, where the N2O is formed from fuel nitrogen but fails to be destroyed. The two principal examples are combustion in fluidized beds, and in applications of nitrogen oxide (NOx) control by the downstream injector of nitrogen-containing agents (e.g., selective non-catalytic reduction with urea).
Notes
"For presentation at Air Pollution in the 21st Centurey: Priority Issues and Policy Trends, April 13-17, 1997, Noordwijk, the Netherlands." "EPA/600/A-97/107." Caption title. "PB98-135767." Microfiche.