||Air Pollution Assessment of Vinylidene Chloride.
Hushon, J. ;
Kornreich., M. ;
||Mitre Corp., McLean, Va.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
Air pollution ;
Vinylidene chloride resins ;
Air pollution control ;
Waste disposal ;
Chemical industry ;
Industrial hygiene ;
Physical properties ;
Chemical properties ;
Material handling ;
Physiological effects ;
Indoor air pollution ;
Air pollution effects(Humans) ;
Air pollution effects(Animals) ;
Environmental chemical substitutes ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
Vinylidene chloride is toxic to laboratory animals and can be fatal at sufficiently high dose levels. Liver is the prime target organ of vinylidene chloride in mammals. Hepatic injury can occur rapidly after inhalation exposure. Chronic exposure to low levels of vinlyidene chloride can result in liver and kidney damage. Vinylidene chloride is a central nervous system depressant reported to have a narcotic effect. Mutagenicity of vinlyidene chloride in microorganisms indicates a need for investigation of its carcinogenicity. The population at risk due to vinylidene chloride exposure is composed primarily of workers in industrial or commercial operations manufacturing or using it. Airborne emissions of vinylidene chloride are not likely to pose a significant risk to the general population. Emissions during production, storage, and transport can be controlled by methods similar to those planned for control of vinyl chloride.