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RECORD NUMBER: 3 OF 5

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Effect of Ozone Exposure on the Dispersion of Inhaled Aerosol Boluses in Healthy Human Subjects.
Author Keefe, M. J. ; Bennett, W. D. ; Dewitt, P. ; Seal, E. ; Strong., A. A. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher c6 Dec 90
Year Published 1990
Report Number EPA/600/J-91/158;
Stock Number PB91-231266
Additional Subjects Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Ozone ; Aerosols ; Respiratory function tests ; Smoking ; Spirometry ; Plethysmography ; Exposure ; Test methods ; Exercise(Physiology) ; Cardiovascular system ; Reprints ;
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
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Status
NTIS  PB91-231266 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 11/26/1991
Collation 11p
Abstract
Acute exposure of humans to low levels of ozone are known to cause decreases FVC and increases sRaw. These alterations in lung function do not, however, elucidate the potential for acute small airways responses. In the study the authors employed a test of aerosol dispersion to examine the potential effects of ozone on small airways in humans. Twenty-two healthy non-smoking male volunteers were exposed to 0.4 ppm ozone for one hour while exercising at 20 l/min/m2 (BSA). Prior to and immediately following exposure, tests of spirometry (FVC, FEV1, and FEF25-75) and plethysmography (Raw and sRaw) were performed. Subjects also performed an aerosol dispersion test before and after exposure. Each test involved a subject inhaling five to seven breaths of a 300 ml bolus of a 0.5 micrometers triphenyl phosphate (TPP) aerosol injected into a 2 l tidal volume. The bolus was injected into the tidal breath at three different depths: at depth A the bolus was injected after 1.6 l of clean air was inhaled from FRC; at depth B after 1.2 l; and at depth C after 1.2 l but with inhalation beginning from RV. The primary measure of bolus dispersion was the expired half-width (HW).