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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Incentive analysis for clean water act reauthorization : point source/nonpoint source trading for nutrient discharge reductions /
Author Luttner, M. ; Kashmanian, R. ; Podar, M.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Kashmanian, Richard M.
Podar, Mahesh.
CORP Author Apogee Research, Inc., Bethesda, MD.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation.
Publisher The Agency,
Year Published 1992
Report Number EPA-68-CO-0083
Stock Number PB93-205581
OCLC Number 46764617
Additional Subjects Water quality management ; Incentives ; Point sources ; Nonpoint sources ; Water pollution control ; Nutrients ; Clean Water Act ; Alternatives ; Implementation ; Cost analysis ; Watersheds ; Discharge measurement ; Requirements ; Pollution regulations ; Effluent trading
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB93-205581 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation 1 volume (various pagings) : maps ; 28 cm
Abstract
The report examines effluent trading as one option to achieve water quality objectives at least cost. Although it can take many different forms, effluent trading in principle allocates reductions in pollutant loadings across point and nonpoint sources using least cost as the criterion. While several options are discussed, the paper focuses principally on trading schemes in which regulated point sources are allowed to avoid upgrading their pollution control technology to meet water quality-based effluent limits if they pay for equivalent (or greater) reductions in nonpoint source pollution within their watersheds. The report focuses on nutrient trading because trading programs to date have dealt with pollutants of this type and because of the large number of difficult issues specific to trades involving toxic pollutants.
Notes
"April 1992." "Principal Contributors: Richard Kashmanian, Mahesh Podar." Includes bibliographical references. "EPA 230-R-92-019"--Cover. "Contract 68-C0-0083"--Title page verso. Microfiche.