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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Epidemiology of Lung Cancer in Xuan Wei, China: Current Progress, Issues, and Research Strategies (Journal Version).
Author Chapman, R. S. ; Mumford, J. L. ; Harris, D. B. ; He, X. ; Jiang, W. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;Institute of Environmental Health and Engineering, Beijing (China). ;Yunnan Province Anti-epidemic Station, Kunming (China).
Publisher c1988
Year Published 1988
Report Number EPA/600/J-88/261;
Stock Number PB89-143721
Additional Subjects Smoke ; Coal ; Carcinogens ; Pulmonary neoplasms ; China ; Epidemiology ; Mortality ; Mutagens ; Respiratory diseases ; Etiology ; Reprints ; Indoor air pollution ; Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Xuan Wei(China) ; Risk assessment ; Toxic substances
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB89-143721 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/08/1989
Collation 8p
Abstract
In Xuan Wei, a rural Chinese county of about one million people, females' annual lung cancer mortality is China's highest, and males' is among China's highest. Xuan Wei's very high indoor air pollution levels (sometimes exceeding 20 mg/m3), residentially stable population, relatively uncomplicated lifestyle, and wide geographic variation in lung cancer mortality render it highly amenable to quantitative, interdisciplinary investigation of chemical carcinogens due to indoor air pollution. To date, epidemiologic findings reveal a closer association of lung cancer with the indoor burning of 'smoky' coal than with tobacco use or occupation. Current aerometric, chemical, and toxicologic findings tend to confirm this association. Chinese and American investigators are conducting interdisciplinary field and laboratory investigations to quantify the lung cancer risk attendant on indoor air pollution relative to other factors, to measure and compare the characteristics of pollution from different Xuan Wei fuels, to determine the relative etiologic importance of pollution composition and concentration, and to develop quantitative relationships between air pollution dose and lung cancer risk.