Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Toxicity of pulp and paper mill effluent : a literature review /
Author Hutchins, Floyd E.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Hutchins, Floyd E.
CORP Author Western Fish Toxicology Station.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory ; Available to the public through National Technical Information Services [distributor],
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-600/3-79-013
Stock Number PB-294 287
OCLC Number 04962023
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Wood-pulp industry--Environmental aspects. ; Paper industry--Environmental aspects. ; Aquatic animals--Effect of water pollution on.
Additional Subjects Wood-pulp industry--Environmental aspects ; Paper making and trade--Environmental aspects ; Aquatic animals, Effect of water pollution on ; Toxicology ; Pulp mills ; Paper mills ; Effluents ; Reviews ; Toxicity ; Characteristics ; Concentration(Composition) ; Physiological effects ; Behavior ; Water pollution ; Bioassay ; Recommendations ; Lethal dosage ; Toxic substances ; Water pollution effects(Animals)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  SH174.H88 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-3-79-013 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/31/2014
EJBD  EPA 600-3-79-013 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 05/02/2014
EKAM  EPA/600/3-79/013 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 05/13/1994
ELDD  EPA-600/3-79-013 2 copies CCTE/GLTED Library/Duluth,MN 09/08/2000
EMBD  PB294-287 MF NRMRL/GWERD Library/Ada,OK 01/21/1994
ESAD  EPA 600-3-79-013 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 01/02/1998
ESBD  EPA-600-3-79-013 CPHEA/PESD Library/Corvallis,OR 03/17/1995
NTIS  PB-294 287 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation vi, 44 pages : chart ; 28 cm
The review of pulp and paper mill effluents considers the need for additional toxicity data to insure effective effluent regulation. Effluent characteristics and problems of toxicity testing particular to pulp and paper mill effluents are discussed; however, the emphasis is on toxic effects of these effluents to aquatic life. Untreated pulp and paper mill effluents are very toxic to most aquatic life. Concentrations as low as two percent can be acutely toxic to fish. Sufficient treatment can render the effluent essentially nontoxic much of the time; however, treatment processes used by most mills reduce toxicity but do not eliminate it. Even effluents receiving good treatment may exhibit sporadic and dynamic increases in toxicity (due in part to spills or dumping of spent pulping chemicals). Sublethal exposures of aquatic organisms to pulp effluent may affect a number of their physiological and behavioral functions. The more sensitive functions, growth rate, coughing reflex, and temperature tolerance, are affected at concentrations less than 1/10th of the 96-hr LC50. Many other systems such as respiration, and circulation may be affected at concentrations near 1/10th of the 96-hr LC50. The principal toxic components in pulp and paper mill effluents are resin acids and fatty acids naturally occurring in the wood pulped, and in effluents from bleaching processes toxic chlorinated compounds predominate. Untreated effluents have caused considerable environmental damage, but well-treated effluents have had minimal effects on fish production, although shifts in biological diversity have occurred.
"EPA-600/3-79-013"--Cover. "February 1979"--Cover. Includes bibliographical references (pages 33-43).