||Feasibility of Developing Source Sampling Methods for Asbestos Emissions.
Henry, W. M. ;
Sverdrup, G. M. ;
Schmidt, E. W. ;
Miller, S. E. ;
||Battelle Columbus Labs., OH.;Environmental Sciences Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Air pollution ;
Chemical analysis ;
Electron microscopy ;
Air pollution detection ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
The objective of this program was to determine the feasibility of developing methods for sampling asbestos in the emissions of major asbestos sources: (1) ore production and taconite production, (2) asbestos-cement production, (3) asbestos felt and paper production, and (4) the production of asbestos-containing friction materials. Potential sampling methods must provide samples compatible with the provisional analysis methods using electron microscopy (U.S. EPA Report No. 600/2-77-178). Two general criteria for source sampling methods were identified as: (1) the sampling method must be capable of collecting a representative sample and (2) the asbestos emissions must be collected in such a manner that they can be analyzed by the provisional analytical method. Concurrent investigations of potential emissions in the industries and of current knowledge of sampling fibers were undertaken to assess the feasibility of meeting the first criterion. The industry survey revealed that asbestos emissions can be divided into two classes: stack and fugitive. With respect to the second criterion, it is not feasible to undertake a methods development program for strict compatibility with the recommended procedure of the provisional analytical method. However, methods development programs are feasible if the sampling method is to be compatible with the alternative procedures of the provisional method or general electron microscopy.