Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Environmental and Economic Comparison of Advanced Processes for Conversion of Coal and Biomass into Clean Energy.
Author Stenzel, R. A. ; Kown, B. T. ; Weekes, M. C. ; Gilbert, B. R. ; Harper, C. M. ;
CORP Author Bechtel National, Inc., San Francisco, CA.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA-68-02-2616; EPA-600/7-81-133;
Stock Number PB81-234239
Additional Subjects Coal gasification ; Biomass ; Economic impact ; Environmental impacts ; Comparison ; Wood ; Electric power plants ; Anaerobic processes ; Straw ; Industrial wastes ; Combustion products ; Fuels ; Capitalized costs ; Operating costs ; Technology ; Coal liquefaction ; Manure
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB81-234239 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 402p
Biomass and coal conversion into clean energy is compared on an economic and environmental basis in three regional scenarios: (1) electric power from direct combustion of wood versus conventional coal combustion in the South Central U.S., (2) synthetic pipeline gas from anaerobic digestion of wheat straw and manure versus high-Btu gasification of coal (HYGAS) in the Midwest, and (3) synthetic fuel oil from wood liquefaction versus coal liquefaction (H-Coal) in the Northeast. Conceptual commercial-scale plants are described. Capital and operating costs are presented for each of the six plants, and the biomass versus coal economics are compared. General environmental impacts of biomass and coal resource collection are assessed and compared in the scenario contexts. Plant environmental emissions were estimated where possible, and relative environmental impacts are discussed. Conclusions are given about the conversion concepts which seem the more promising routes to clean energy, and areas needing further study are identified.