||Determination of Background Levels of Lead and Cadmium in Raw Agricultural Crops by Using Differential Pulse Anodic Stripping Voltammetry.
Satzger, R. Duane ;
Clow, Charles S. ;
Bonnin, Evelyn ;
Fricke, Fred L. ;
||Food and Drug Administration, Cincinnati, OH. Elemental Analysis Research Center.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Chemical analysis ;
Farm crops ;
Trace elements ;
Differential pulse anodic stripping voltametry
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A method is described for the simultaneous determination of ultratrace levels of lead and cadmium in selected agricultural crop samples by differential pulse anodic stripping voltametry. Samples are dry ashed at high temperature with H2SO4 as an ashing aid. Techniques are described to control the lead and cadmium blank levels of 2 ng and 0.4 ng, respectively. Typical relative standard deviations for the crop analyses are 13% at 100 microgram/g and 25% at 10 microgram/g for lead, and 5% at 100 microgram/g and 10% at 10 microgram/g for cadmium. The lowest quantifiable level based on 3 g dry sample, is 2 microgram/g for lead and 1 microgram/g for cadmium. Recovery studies, precision studies, and analyses of NBS Standard Reference Materials demonstrate the accuracy and reproducibility of this technique. A summary of results for over 1700 crop samples is reported.