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RECORD NUMBER: 6 OF 39

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Chemiluminescence of Phagocytic Cells Caused by N-Formylmethionyl Peptides.
Author Hatch, Gary E. ; Gardner, Donald E. ; Menzel, Daniel B. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. Clinical Studies Div.
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA-68-02-2436; EPA-600/J-78-148;
Stock Number PB80-129372
Additional Subjects Chemiluminescence ; Phagocytes ; Peptides ; Luminescence ; Cells(Biology) ; Nitrogen organic compounds ; Humans ; Guinea pigs ; Rabbits ; Laboratory animals ; Experimental data ; Reprints ; Formylmethionyl peptides ; Macrophages
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
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Status
NTIS  PB80-129372 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 16p
Abstract
The microbicidal action of leukocytes is thought to proceed in part through oxygen-dependent reactions. Molecular oxygen can be reduced to superoxide radical anion (O2-)1 which, along with its products, may react directly with the micro-organism, or H2O2 and halide may act as substrates for the halogenation of bacteria by myeloperoxidase. Both superoxide and myeloperoxidase-dependent reactions exhibit chemiluminescence in vitro and they appear to be major sources of light emitted from living cells that are in the process of phagocytizing foreign material. Most previous studies of chemiluminescence in leukocytes have employed particulates (zymosan, heat-killed bacteria, and polystyrene butadiene particles), which stimulate phagocytosis as well as O2 metabolism and in some cases appear to act as substrates in light producing reactions. Interest in the purely oxidative reactions as well as preliminary studies by Allred and Hill led us to the discovery that N-formylmethionyl peptides stimulate chemiluminescence. These unique compounds, which are found in procaryotes, were recently shown to stimulate both chemotaxis and lysosomal enzyme release in leukocytes. In this paper the authors describe some of the properties of N-formylmethionyl (F-Met) peptide-induced chemiluminescence in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and in PMN and macrophages from guinea pigs and rabbits.