||Research and development : an investigation of chemistry and toxicity of ozone-produced oxidants and bromate to selected estuarine species /
Burton, Dennis T.
||Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, PA. Dept. of Limnology.;Environmental Protection Agency, Gulf Breeze, FL. Gulf Breeze Environmental Research Lab.
||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Gulf of Breeze Environmental Research Laboratory ;
Oxidizing agents--Toxicity ;
Brevoortia tyrannus ;
Callinectes sapidus ;
Crassostrea virginica ;
Leisostomus xanthurus ;
Morone americana ;
Morone saxatilis ;
Fishes--Effect of water pollution on ;
Fish populations--Effect of water pollution on
Water pollution control ;
Marine animals ;
||CEMM/GEMMD Library/Gulf Breeze,FL
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||x, 87 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
This research program was initiated to determine the chemical and biological effects of ozone in estuarine systems and to evaluate its suitability as an alternative to chlorine. Chemical studies were performed to determine oxidant decay rates and bromate formation in both natural and artificial estuarine water. Ozonation of estuarine or marine waters can produce significant amounts of bromate if the natural levels of ammonia-nitrogen and other competing compounds are low and the initial residual oxidant and bromide concentrations are high. Toxicity studies showed that the concentrations of bromate which theoretically could be formed in an ozonated discharge were not toxic to the early life stages of striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and juvenile spot (Leiostomus xanthurus). A comparison of the ozone data obtained in this study with similar chlorine data from the literature showed that the toxicity of ozonated and chlorinated estuarine water is similar. Thus, ozone appears to offer few, if any, advantages over chlorine in reducing toxicity to estuarine organisms.
"This report was submitted in fulfillment of Grant No. R804683 originally awarded to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia under the sponsorship of th U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This report covers a period from August 30, 1977 to August 29, 1980; work was completed as of August 29, 1980"--Iv. "May 1981." "PB82-116351"--Cover. Cover title. Includes bibliographical references (p. 76-87).