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RECORD NUMBER: 19 OF 55

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy Analysis of Mutagenic Extracts of Aqueous Chlorinated Humic Acid. A Comparison of the Byproducts to Drinking Water Contaminants.
Author Coleman, W. E. ; Munch, J. W. ; Kaylor, W. H. ; Streicher, R. P. ; Ringhand, H. P. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA/600/J-84/113;
Stock Number PB85-104909
Additional Subjects Humic acids ; Water pollution ; Comparison ; Contaminants ; Gas chromatography ; Mass spectroscopy ; Reprints ; Drinking water
Holdings
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Status
NTIS  PB85-104909 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 9p
Abstract
Formation of mutagenic compounds as a result of aqueous chlorination of humic acids has been demonstrated. Solvent extracts responding positively to the Ames test were analyzed by GC/MS in an attempt to identify the mutagenic components. Aliquots of the chlorinated humic solution were also analyzed by closed-loop stripping and GC/MS. Results of GC/MS analyses of methylene chloride and ether extracts and of the closed-loop-stripping extract indicated that trihalomethanes and halogenated acetic acids, acetonitriles, 2-propanones, propenals, propenenitriles, propenes, phenols and thiophenes were formed by the aqueous chlorination of humic acids at neutral pH. The concentrations of eight of the halogenated by-products accounted for about one fourth of the total organic halogen (TOX) content of the aqueous chlorinated humic acid solution. The mass spectra of tentatively identified compounds are included. The similarity of mutagenic compounds identified in this study with compounds previously identified in drinking water suggests that the reaction of chlorine with natural aquatic humics is a likely source of mutagen formation in drinking water. Some data on the production of halogenated compounds from the chlorination of humics in the presence of bromide (Br-) at various molar concentrations are also included.