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RECORD NUMBER: 13 OF 34

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Evaluation of biomass reactivity in hydrogasification for the Hynol process /
Author Dong, Yuanji. ; Cole, E.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Cole, Edward.
CORP Author Acurex Environmental Corp., Research Triangle Park, NC.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. National Risk Management Research Lab.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1996
Report Number EPA/600/R-96/071; EPA-68-D4-0005
Stock Number PB96-187638
Subjects Methanol as fuel. ; Biomass energy.
Additional Subjects Biomass conversion plants ; Poplar wood ; Gasificaton ; Methanol ; Air pollution ; Particle size ; Gas flow ; Pressure ; Reaction kinetics ; Switchgrass ; Temperature ; Hydrogasification ; Hynol process
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
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Status
NTIS  PB96-187638 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation 227 unnumbered pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Abstract
The report gives results of an evaluation of the reactivity of poplar wood in hydrogasification under the operating conditions specific for the Hynol process, using a thermobalance reactor. Parameters affecting gasification behavior (e.g., gas velocity, particle size, system pressure, reaction temperature, reaction time, and feed gas composition) were investigated. The experimental results showed that temperature and particle size strongly affect biomass conversion and gasification rates. The poplar wood conversion is proportional to the partial pressures of hydrogen and steam in the feed gas. A conversion of 86-87% was observed when 1/8-in. (0.32 cm) poplar particles were gasified at 30 atm (2942 kPa) and 800 C for 60 min with the feed gas composition simulating the Hynol recycled gas from the methanol synthesis reactor. As the reaction time extended to 2.5 hours, the conversion increased to 90%. It was found that gasification involves a rapid reaction of biomass thermal decomposition and a slow reaction of residual carbonaceous matter with the feed gas. The activation energies for these reactions were estimated. A kinetic model was developed to quantitatively express gasification rates and biomass conversion as functions of reaction time. The model was used to correlate the thermobalance reactor experimental data.
Notes
"EPA/600/R-96/071." "June 1996." Microfiche.