||Design Considerations for Ozone and Acid Aerosol Exposure and Health Investigations: The Fairview Lake Summer Camp - Photochemical Smog Case Study.
Lioy, P. J. ;
Spektor, D. ;
Thurston, G. ;
Citak, K. ;
Lippmann, M. ;
||Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ. Dept. of Environmental and Community Medicine. ;New York Univ. Medical Center, NY. Inst. of Environmental Medicine. ;Boston City Hospital, MA. Channing Lab.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Air pollution ;
Acid rain ;
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The health effects associated with ozone and acidic particulate sulfate exposures to active children have been and are being addressed in field epidemiological studies at summer camps in rural areas of the Northeastern U.S. The rationale and study design for studies, which have been conducted in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, are developed and reviewed. As background, results are summarized for human clinical and epidemiological studies and animal studies. These provided the basis for selection of health outcomes, measured results from chemical characterization and transport studies are reviewed to define the criteria used for selection of a site which is effected by high ozone and acid species during photochemical smog episodes. The integration of the study design is discussed in detail by reviewing its application to the 1984 - Fairview Lake Camp Study (July 8 to August 4). The features of the camp study are reviewed, including the study population, pulmonary function procedures and analyses, air pollution monitoring instrumentation, and the site characteristics.