Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 8 OF 20

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Emissions from Refinery Process Heaters Equipped with Low-NOx Burners.
Author Todona, R. J. ; Buening, H. J. ; Hart, J. R. ;
CORP Author KVB, Inc., Irvine, CA.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA-68-02-2645; EPA-600/7-81-169;
Stock Number PB82-231838
Additional Subjects Refineries ; Burners ; Nitrogen oxides ; Air pollution control ; Performance evaluation ; Industrial wastes ; Combustion products ; Particles ; Comparison ; Sites ; Air pollution sampling ; Emission factors
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB82-231838 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 183p
Abstract
The report summarizes an investigation of the performance of commercial low-NOx burners in refinery process heaters. Refineries in Southern and Central California were surveyed to determine the number of existing or planned low-NOx burners. Tests on 10 process heaters equipped with low NOx burners measured gaseous emissions, particulates, and efficiencies at normal operating conditions. As-found NOx emissions increased from 58 to 245 ng/J as fuel-bound nitrogen increased from zero to 0.81%. In most cases, NOx concentrations were strongly influenced by excess air levels. Reducing excess air to 3-4% reduced NOx to 34-200 ng/J, depending on fuel nitrogen. Comparisons of present emissions data with past field test data for refinery heaters equipped with standard burners showed that (for mechanical-draft gas-fired heaters) low-NOx burners may reduce the NOx emission factor by 32-77% below the mean emission factor for standard burners. Three heaters (one firing gas; one, distillate oil; and one, residual oil) were selected as the most suitable candidates for 30-day continuous monitoring of gaseous emissions.