Part 1. Foundational papers: Defining ecology as a science / Sharon E. Kingsland ; The lake as a microcosm / Stephen A. Forbes (1887) ; The ecological relations of the vegetation on the sand dunes of Lake Michigan / Henry Chandler Cowles (1899) ; Nature and structure of the climax / Frederic E. Clements (1936) ; The individualistic concept of the Plant Association / H.A. Gleason (1926) ; The Niche-relationships of the California Thrasher / Joseph Grinnell (1917) ; The balance of animal populations, Part I / A.J. Nicholson and V.A. Bailey (1935) ; The trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology / Raymond L. Lindeman -- Part 2. Theoretical advances: The role of theory in the rise of modern ecology / Leslie A. Real and Simon A. Levin ; The canonical distribution of commonness and rarity, Part I / Frank W. Preston (1962) ; Concluding remarks / G. Evelyn Hutchinson (1957) ; The population consequences of life history phenomena / Lamont C. Cole (1954) ; Biological populations with non-overlapping generations: stable points, stable cycles, and chaos / Robert M. May (1974) ; On optimal use of a patchy environment / Robert H. MacArthur and Eric R. Pianka (1966) ; Fluctuations in the abundance of a species considered mathematically / Vito Volterra (1926) ; Random dispersal in theoretical populations / J.G. Skellam (1951) -- Part 3. Theses, antitheses, and syntheses: Conversational biology and ecological debate / Joel G. Kingsolver and Robert T. Paine ; The use and abuse of vegetational concepts and terms / A.G. Tansley (1935) ; Homage to Santa Rosalia; or, Why are there so many kinds of animals? / G.E. Hutchinson (1959) ; Community structure, population control, and competition / Nelson G. Hairston, Frederick E. Smith, and Lawrence B. Slobodkin (1960) ; Butterflies and plants: a study in coevolution / Paul R. Ehrlich and Peter H. Raven (1964) ; A Darwinian approach to plant ecology / J.L. Harper (1967) ; Theory of feeding strategies / Thomas W. Schoener (1971) -- Part 4. Methodological advances: New approaches and methods in ecology / James H. Brown ; Forest tree pollen in south Swedish peat bog deposits / Lennart von Post (1967 ) ; On the use of matrices in certain population mathematics / P.H. Leslie (1945) ; The intrinsic rate of natural increase of an insect population / L.C. Birch (1948) ; The components of predation as revealed by a study of small mammal predation of the European Pine Sawfly / C.S. Holling (1959) ; Thermodynamic equilibria of animals with environment / Warren P. Porter and David M. Gates (1969) ; An ordination of the Upland Forest communities of Southern Wisconsin / J. Roger Bray and J.T. Curtis (1957) ; The strategy of ecosystem development / Eugene P. Odum (1969) -- Part 5. Case studies in natural systems: Lessons from nature: case studies in natural systems / Robert K. Peet ; The influence of rainfall, evaporation and atmospheric temperature on fluctuations in the size of a natural population of Thrips Imaginis (Thysanoptera) / J. Davidson and H.G. Andrewartha (1948) ; Energy flow in the salt marsh ecosystem of Georgia / John M. Teal (1962) ; Climatic changes in Southern Connecticut recorded by pollen desposition at Rogers Lake / Margaret B. Davis (1969) ; Pattern and process in the plant community / Alex S. Watt (1947) ; Population ecology of some warblers of northeastern coniferous forests / Robert H. MacArthur (1958) ; Predation, body size, and composition of Plankton / John Langdon Brooks and Stanley I. Dodson (1965) -- Part 6. Experimental manipulations in lab and field systems: Manipulative experiments as tests of ecological theory / Jane Lubchenco and Leslie A. Real ; Selection experiments on industrial melanism in the Lepidoptera / H.B.D. Kettlewell (1955) ; Experimental studies of interspecies competition. I. Competition between populations of the flour beetles, Tribolium confusum Duvall and Tribolium castaneum Herbst / Thomas Park (1948) ; Experimental studies on predation: dispersion factors and predator-prey Oscillations / C.B. Huffaker (1958) ; The influence of interspecific competition and other factors on the distribution of the Barnacle Chthamalus stellatus / Joseph H. Connell (1961) ; Food web complexity and species diversity / Robert T. Paine (1966) ; Experimental zoogeography of islands: the colonization of empty islands / Daniel S. Simberloff and Edward O. Wilson (1969) ; Effects of forest cutting and herbicide treatment on nutrient budgets in the Hubbard Brook Watershed-Ecosystem / Gene E. Likens, F. Herbert Bormann, Noye M. Johnson, D.W. Fisher, and Robert S. Pierce (1970).