||Historical Perspectives on Selected Health and Safety Aspects of Nuclear Weapons Testing.
Black, S. C. ;
Potter, G. D. ;
||Environmental Monitoring Systems Lab., Las Vegas, NV.;Department of Energy, Idaho Falls, ID. Idaho Operations Office.
Nuclear weapons ;
Public health ;
Safety standards ;
Ionizing radiations ;
Environmental transport ;
Food chains ;
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The paper presents a general review of public safety standards as adapted by the nuclear weapons testing program in the United States, and the impact of these changing standards on the nuclear testing program itself. The review notes the importance of improvements in diagnostic instrumentation and methodologies from a relatively simple degree of sophistication to their current high level. Use of the improved methodologies uncovered a serious oversight affecting human exposure, namely, that of not recognizing the relative importance of all potential transport/dosimetric pathways for risk assessment.