Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 15 OF 35

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Gas Chromatograph-Based System for Measuring the Methane Fraction of Diesel Engine Hydrocarbon Emissions.
Author Hoffman, J. S. ; Geyer, S. M. ; Lestz, S. S. ; Black, F. M. ;
CORP Author Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Atmospheric Sciences Research Lab.
Year Published 1987
Report Number EPA/600/D-87/097;
Stock Number PB87-174850
Additional Subjects Air pollution ; Methane ; Diesel engine exhaust ; Gas chromatography ; Chemical analysis ; Exhaust emissions ; Concentration(Composition) ; Performance ; Air pollution sampling
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
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Status
NTIS  PB87-174850 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/21/1988
Collation 32p
Abstract
An instrument has been developed (termed the 'methane analytical system') enabling diesel methane emissions to be quatified separately from total unburned hydrocarbon emissions. The instrument employed gas chromatographic principles whereby a molecular sieve column operating isothermally separated methane from the nonmethane hydrocarbons. Direct on-line sampling occurred via constant volume sample loops. The effluent was monitored with a flame ionization detector. The instrument was fully calibrated (i.e., extremely linear response over a large concentration range) for use with Diesel engines as part of an on-going alternative fuels research program. Methane emissions from a light-duty, multi-cylinder, indirect-injected Diesel engine fumigated with natural gas were measured on-line using the methane analytical system. Methane emissions were found to range from as low as 250 ppm to a high of nearly 2%. The nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions were determined by subtracting the methane level from the total unburned hydrocarbon level. In the event that the federal engine certification procedures are changed to be based on nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions, a methane analytical system such as the one described here would have great utility.