Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Water Renovation of Municipal Effluents by Reverse Osmosis.
Author Cruver, James E. ; Beckman, James E. ; Bevege., Eleanor ;
CORP Author Gulf Environmental Systems Co., San Diego, Calif.;National Environmental Research Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.;General Atomic Co., San Diego, Calif.
Year Published 1975
Report Number DI-14-12-831; EPA/670/2-75-009;
Stock Number PB-240 018
Additional Subjects Sewage treatment ; Performance evaluation ; Cost estimates ; Activated carbon treatment ; Reverse osmosis ; Spiral wound membranes ; Modules
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-240 018 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 132p
The purpose of the work performed under this contract has been to obtain reverse osmosis operating data on primary and secondary effluents with varying degrees of pretreatment. Field tests were conducted at the Pomona Water Renovation Plant of the County Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles. Two parallel reverse osmosis systems were operated with spiral wound membrane modules. It was concluded that spiral wound reverse osmosis units can be economically operated on primary and activated-sludge effluents with only moderate pretreatment and periodic chemical cleaning. Activated-carbon pretreatment was shown to be unnecessary for successful operation on sand-filtered activated sludge or chemically clarified and sand-filtered primary effluent. A simplified economic analysis indicated that reverse osmosis treatment costs are favorable and that the process merits serious consideration in a planned water supply and waste management program.