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Main Title Demonstration and evaluation of an automated infiltration gallery system at Port Hueneme, CA [electronic resource] /
Author Enfield, Carl George, ; C. G. ENFIELD ; B. K. Lien
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Lien, Bob K.
CORP Author Pegasus Technical Services, Inc., Cincinnati, OH; National Risk Management Research Lab., Land Remediation and Pollution Control Division, Cincinnati, OH.; National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH. Office of Research and Development.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Risk Management Research Laboratory,
Year Published 2008
Report Number EPA/600/R-08/068; EP-C-05-056
Stock Number PB2008-112479
Subjects Water quality--California--Port Hueneme ; Groundwater--California--Port Hueneme ; Risk assessment--California--Port Hueneme ; Military bases--California--Port Hueneme ; Soil remediation--California--Port Hueneme
Additional Subjects Infiltration galleries ; Fuels ; Ground water ; Water table ; Aquifers ; Oxygen ; Diffusion ; Soils ; Contamination ; Waste treatment ; Storage tanks ; Basins ; Urban areas ; Remedial action ; Program evaluation ; Vadose zone ; Port Hueneme(California) ; Oil spills ; Drainage ; Water chemistry ; Evaluation
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2008-112284 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
NTIS  PB2008-112479 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 online resource ( vii,100 p.) : ill., digital, PDF file.
The objective of this project was to demonstrate and evaluate the robustness of an automated infiltration gallery system at Port Hueneme, CA designed to remove fuel components from ground water by moving the ground water from a reducing environment in the water table aquifer to the vadose zone where oxidizing conditions exist providing favorable conditions for aerobic bioremediation of the potentially contaminated groundwater. The primary source of oxygen in the vadose zone is the atmosphere. Oxygen is supplied by a combination of processes including diffusion, and natural pumping actions caused by changes in water content and changes in atmospheric pressures. An infiltration gallery, as used in this report, refers to a structure in the soil consisting of slightly perforated (10% or less of the surface area) horizontal pipes surrounded initially by permeable sands or gravels used to distribute water within the soil profile and then allow the water to infiltrate naturally. Infiltration galleries are frequently used for onsite waste treatment called leach fields after a septic tank and to assist in dissipating waters in storm water catchments basins in urban areas. Installing an infiltration gallery at underground storage tank (UST) facilities provides immediate access to local groundwater providing rapid identification of contamination with a built in remedial system capable of handling small releases.
Title from title screen (viewed on Nov. 17, 2010). "EPA/600/R-08/068." "June 2008." "The work reported in this document is funded by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under Work Assignment 15 of Contract EP-C-05-056 to Pegasus Technical Services, Inc." Includes bibliographical references (p. 35-36).
Contents Notes
"The use of contaminant flux and contaminant mass discharge as robust metrics for assessment of risks at contaminated sites and for evaluating the performance of site remediation efforts has gained increasing acceptance within the scientific, regulatory and user communities. The Passive Flux Meter (PFM) is a new technology that directly addresses the DoD need for cost-effective long-term monitoring, because flux measurements can be used for process control, for remedial action performance assessments, and for compliance purposes. However, the use of innovative technologies can be slow to gain acceptance in the environmental community; this is because an innovative technology requires a sound theoretical basis accepted widely in the technical circles and field-scale demonstration at diverse sites. Under ESTCP project No ER-0114, the PFM is demonstrated and validated at several locations including Hill AFB in Layton, Utah; NASA Launch Complex 34 in Cape Canaveral, Florida; a Canadian Forces Base in Ontario, Canada; Naval Base Ventura County (NBVC) at Port Hueneme, California; and the Naval Surface Warfare Center at Indian Head, Maryland. The projects at Hill and Borden included the objectives of evaluating the flux meter as an innovative technology for direct in situ measurement of cumulative water and contaminant flux for DNAPLs and compiling field data to transition the technology from the innovative testing phase to regulatory/end user acceptance and stimulate commercialization. The Indian head project demonstrated the PFM could measure water and perchlorate contaminant flux. The focus of the NASA site was to demonstrate and validate the PFM, as a tool for measuring groundwater and contaminant fluxes at the Launch Complex 34 site (LC 34) where NASA was demonstrating bioaugmentation to enhance the removal of trichloroethylene (TCE) using an engineered microbial culture, KB-1(TradeMark)."--Abstract.