pt. I. Some preliminaries. What is scientific writing? ; Historical perspectives ; Approaching a writing project ; What is a scientific paper? ; Ethics in scientific publishing ; Where to submit your manuscript. -- pt. II. Preparing the text. How to prepare the title ; How to list the authors and addresses ; How to prepare the abstract ; How to write the introduction ; How to write the materials and methods section ; How to write the results ; How to write the discussion ; How to state the acknowledgments ; How to cite the references. -- pt. III. Preparing the tables and figures. How to design effective tables ; How to prepare effective graphs ; How to prepare effective photographs. -- pt. IV. Publishing the paper. Rights and permissions ; How to submit the manuscript ; The review process (how to deal with editors) ; The publishing process (how to deal with proofs). pt. V. Doing other writing for publication. How to write a review paper ; How to write opinion (book reviews, editorials, and letters to the editor) ; How to write a book chapter or a book ; How to write for the public. -- pt. VI. Conference communications. How to present a paper orally ; How to prepare a poster ; How to write a conference report. -- pt. VII. Scientific style. Use and misuse of English ; Avoiding jargon ; How and when to use abbreviations ; Writing clearly across cultures and media ; How to write science in English as a foreign language. -- pt. VIII. Other topics in scientific communication. How to write a thesis ; How to prepare a curriculum vitae ; How to prepare grant proposals and progress reports ; How to write a recommendation letter -- and how to ask for one ; How to work with the media ; How to provide peer review ; How to seek a scientific-communication career. -- Appendix 1. Selected journal title word abbreviations. -- Appendix 2. Words and expressions to avoid. -- Appendix 3. SI (Système International) prefixes and their abbreviations. -- Glossary of technical terms. To be useful, scientific research needs to be explained clearly to others-to colleagues, to administrators, to foundations and governmental bodies, and to the public. This thoroughly revised edition of the classic How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper gives beginning scientists and experienced researchers alike practical advice on writing about their work and publishing what they write. The core of the book consists of a "how-to" guide to writing and publishing research articles for scientific journals, explaining every step of the process, from choosing a suitable journal for your work, to presenting the results and citing references. In addition to the information on writing for scientific journals, the book provides additional advice for the scientist of the 21st century: What ethical issues are important in scientific publishing? What should a scientist know about rights and permissions? How does a scientist write a grant proposal, or prepare progress reports for administrators? What should a scientist know to work well with the media, or to write for a general audience? All of this practical information makes How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper the essential guide for succeeding in today's competitive environment.