Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Considerations in the Design of Treatment Best Management Practices (BMPs) to Improve Water Quality.
CORP Author U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher Sep 2002
Year Published 2002
Report Number EPA/600/R-03/103;
Stock Number PB2007-106189
Additional Subjects Water quality ; Pollution ; Wastewater ; Treatment ; Stormwater runoff ; Best practices ; Ponds ; Vegetated biofilters ; Constructed wetlands ; Best management practices (BMPs)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2007-106189 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 12 p.
For the past three decades, municipalities in the United States have successfully addressed pollution in the watershed by collecting and treating their wastewater. Currently, all municipalities provide secondary level treatment, and in some cases tertiary treatment, and industries provide best available/best practicable treatment. This has had great benefits. More rivers are meeting water quality standards, and the public health is being protected from waterborne disease. The challenge now facing us is to address pollution associated with storm water runoff, since this is now the last major threat to water quality. It is less costly to prevent the generation of polluted runoff than to treat it. Today, many municipalities are implementing low-cost best management practices (BMPs) that prevent runoff. The lowest cost BMPs, termed non-structural or source control BMPs, include practices such as limiting pesticide use in agricultural areas or retaining rainwater on residential lots. There are a set of higher cost BMPs, which involve building a structure of some kind to store stormwater until it can be discharged into a nearby receiving water. These can be more costly, especially in areas where land costs are high. The three most commonly used structural treatment BMPs that will be discussed in the document are ponds (detention/retention), vegetated biofilters (swales and filter/buffer strips) and constructed wetlands. Two categories of treatment considered in this document are ponds and vegetated biofilters.
Contents Notes
"September 2002"