Water struggles and the politics of identity / Rutgerd Boelens, David Getches and Armando Guevara-Gil -- Water property relations and modern policy regimes : neoliberal utopia and the disempowerment of collective action / Hans Achterhuis, Rutgerd Boelens and Margreet Zwarteveen -- The limits of state reform and multiculturalism in Latin America : contemporary illustrations / Willem Assies -- A masculine water world : the politics of gender and identity in irrigation expert thinking / Margreet Zqarteveen -- Identity politics and indigenous movements in Andean history / Michiel Baud -- Cultural identity and indigenous water rights in the Andean highlands / Paul H. Gelles -- Land, water and the search for sustainable livelihood in the Andes / Annelies Zoomers -- Water laws, collective rights and system diversity in the Andean countries / Jan Hendriks -- Water rights and conflicts in an inter-Andean watershed : the Achamayo River Valley, Junâin, Peru / Armando Guevara-Gil -- Water rights, mining and indigenous groups in Chile's Atacama / Jessica Budds -- Indian water rights in conflict with state water rights : the case of Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe in Nevada, US / Charles F. Wilkinson -- Acequias of the south-western US in tension with state water laws / Gregory A. Hicks -- Community-controlled codification of local resource tenure : an effective tool for defending local rights? / Andrâe Hoekema -- Using international law to assert indigenous water rights / David Getches -- Networking strategies and struggles for water control : from water wars to mobilizations for day-to-day water rights defence / Rutgerd Boelens, Rocâio Bustamante and Tom Perreault -- Federating and defending : water, territory and extraction in the Andes / Anthony Bebbington, Denise Humphreys Bebbington and Jeffrey Bury -- Conclusions : Water rights, power and identity / Armando Guevara-Gil, Rutgerd Boelens and David Getches. "Water is not only a source of life and culture. It is also a source of power, conflicting interests and identity battles. Rights to materially access, culturally organize and politically control water resources are poorly understood by mainstream scientific approaches and hardly addressed by current normative frameworks. These issues become even more challenging when law and policy-makers and dominant power groups try to grasp, contain and handle them in multicultural societies. The struggles over the uses, meanings and appropriation of water are especially well-illustrated in Andean communities and local water systems of Peru, Chile, Ecuador, and Bolivia, as well as in Native American communities in south-western USA. The problem is that throughout history, these nation-states have attempted to 'civilize' and bring into the mainstream the different cultures and peoples within their borders instead of understanding 'context' and harnessing the strengths and potentials of diversity. This book examines the multi-scale struggles for cultural justice and socio-economic re-distribution that arise as Latin American communities and user federations seek access to water resources and decision-making power regarding their control and management. It is set in the dynamic context of unequal, globalizing power relations, politics of scale and identity, environmental encroachment and the increasing presence of extractive industries that are creating additional pressures on local livelihoods. While much of the focus of the book is on the Andean Region, a number of comparative chapters are also included. These address issues such as water rights and defence strategies in neighbouring countries and those of Native American people in the southern USA, as well as state reform and multi-culturalism across Latin and Native America and the use of international standards in struggles for indigenous water rights. This book shows that, against all odds, people are actively contesting neoliberal globalization and water power plays. In doing so, they construct new, hybrid water rights systems, livelihoods, cultures and hydro-political networks, and dynamically challenge the mainstream powers and politics."--Publisher's description.