Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Assessment of carbon-14 control technology and costs for the LWR fuel cycle /
Author Bray, Gary R. ; Miller, Charles L. ; Nguyen, Tien D. ; Rieke, John W. ;
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Bray, Gary R.
CORP Author Office of Radiation Programs, Washington, DC.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Radiation Programs,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA 520/4-77-013
Stock Number PB-291 244
OCLC Number 03811365
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Nuclear fuels ; Reactor fuel reprocessing
Additional Subjects Radioactive contaminants ; Carbon 14 ; Water cooled reactors ; Radiation dosage ; Cost estimates ; Control equipment ; Nuclear fuel reprocessing ; Radioactive effluents ; Fuel cycle ; Light water reactors
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 520-4-77-013 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ERAD  EPA 520/4-77-013 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 07/16/2012
NTIS  PB-291 244 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 160 in various pagings : illustrations ; 27 cm.
The report is an effort to incorporate present knowledge of carbon-14 behavior in Light Water Reactors and Fuel Reprocessing Plants into Designs compatible with present technology. The impact of radioactive effluents are considered according to the traditional measure of maximum radiation dose to individuals, summation of individual annual doses to obtain a total population dose, and the environmental dose commitment. The sources of carbon-14 in LWR's and fuel reprocessing facilities are identified. Systems for the removal of carbon-14 in existing and future plants are addressed from both a technological and economic standpoint. Existing technology indicates that caustic scrubbing is the most cost-effective alternative for concurrently removing C-14 from waste-gas streams and leaving it in a form compatible with permanent disposal conditions.
Final report for Contract 68-01-1954. Issued Sept. 7, 1977. Includes bibliographical references.