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Main Title Health effects of human exposure to barium in drinking water /
Author Brenniman, Gary R., ; Kojola, W. H. ; Levy, P. S. ; Carnow, B. W. ; Namekata, T.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Kojola, W. H.,
Levy, P. S.,
Carnow, B. W.,
Namekata, T.,
Breck, E. C.,
Brenniman, Gary R.
CORP Author Illinois Univ. at the Medical Center, Chicago.;Health Effects Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher Health Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Available through the National Technical Information Service.
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-600/1-79-003; EPA-R-803918; PB292268
Stock Number PB 292 268
OCLC Number 14387004
Subjects Barium--Physiological effect ; Drinking water--Illinois ; Barium--adverse effects ; Water Pollution, Chemical ; Barium--adverse effects--Illinois ; Water Pollution, Chemical--Illinois ; Water Pollution, Chemical--adverse effects
Additional Subjects Potable water ; Barium ; Toxicology ; Ground water ; Humans ; Exposure ; Ingestion(Biology) ; Standards ; Concentration(Composition) ; Mortality ; Cardiovascular diseases ; Communities ; Comparison ; Epidemiology ; Public health ; Blood pressure ; Cerebrovascular disorders ; Urologic diseases ; Morbidity ; Drinking water ; Water pollution effects(Humans) ; Environmental health ; Maximum permissible exposure ; Toxic substances
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-1-79-003 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/30/2012
EJBD  EPA 600-1-79-003 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/18/2014
ELBD RPS EPA 600-1-79-003 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 03/12/2019
ELBD  EPA 600-1-79-003 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 04/13/2020
NTIS  PB-292 268 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xiii, 126 pages : illustrations.
The overall objective of this study was to examine by epidemiologic and supportive laboratory studies, the human health effects associated with ingestion of barium in drinking water exceeding the U.S. drinking water standard of 1.0 mg/l. The incidence of cardiovascular mortality and/or the prevalence of various cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal diseases was compared between communities with barium concentrations exceeding the drinking water standard, and communities which have negligible barium in their drinking water. Mortality rates for cardiovascular diseases were retrospectively determined for the years 1971-1975. A comparison between communities with elevated barium levels (greater than 2 mg/l) and communities with low or no barium (less than 0.2 mg/l) in their public water supplies did show higher mortality rates for the exposed population. The prevalence of various cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal diseases in two communities having similar socioeconomic characteristics and different concentrations of barium in their drinking water (mean barium concentration of 7 mg/l in water supply of exposed population as compared to 0.1 mg/l in the control) was determined through an epidemiology study. Results of the study revealed significant differences in blood pressure between the two communities and especially in the male population exposed to barium when the data were refined to correct for the influence of water softening, blood pressure medication, hypertension and duration of exposure.
Environmental health effects research series. Grant no. R803918. Includes bibliographical references.