This report was prepared as part of the Ohio River Basin Energy Study (ORBES), a multidisciplinary policy research program supported by the Environmental Protection Agency. In part 1, an overview of the ORBES-region coal industry is presented. (The region consists of all of Kentucky, most of West Virginia, and substantial portions of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.) Topics include coal production, mine types, reserves, selected coal properties, coal markets, employment, working conditions, wages, and quality of life. In part 2, the procedures for siting coal mines under the ORBES energy development scenarios are set forth. The coal mine siting analysis projects at the county level the number and type of new coal mines that would be opened in the ORBES region through the year 2000 under various scenario conditions and constraints. Among these conditions and constraints are the locational siting pattern of additional power plants in each scenario, the total coal production specified for the year 2000 by the ORBES energy demand model, and the sources of high and low sulfur coal, by mine type, specified by the ORBES coal supply analysis.