The impact of warfare on the natural world : a historical survey / Richard P. Tucker -- War, the military, and the environment : central India, 1560-1820 / Stewart Gordon -- African warfare in all its ferocity : changing military landscapes and precolonial and colonial conflict in Southern Africa / Roger S. Levine -- Gettysburg and the organic nature of the American Civil War / Mark Fiege -- The world wars and the globalization of timber cutting / Richard P. Tucker -- Speaking of annihilation : mobilizing for war against human and insect enemies, 1914-1945 / Edmund Russell -- War, an ecological alternative to peace? : indirect impacts of World War II on the Finnish environment / Simo Laakkonen -- Landscapes in the dark valley : toward an environmental history of wartime Japan / William M. Tsutsui -- Pests and disease in the Pacific war : crossing the line / Judith A. Bennett -- Compromising on conservation : World War II and American leadership in whaling diplomacy / Kurk Dorsey. "As the first collection of essays on war and environmental history, Natural Enemy, Natural Ally heralds the advent of a major new field of study. Contributors to the volume explore the dynamic between war and the physical environment from a variety of provocative viewpoints. The subjects of their essays range from conflicts in pre-colonial India and early colonial South Africa to the U.S. Civil War and twentieth-century wars in Japan, Finland, and the Pacific Islands."--Jacket.