"Examining tissue residues of contaminants in biota reveals the movement of contaminants within organisms and through food chains as well as the context for understanding and quantifying injuries to organisms and their communities. Yet tissue concentrations of some contaminants are especially challenging to interpret and the ability of today's analytical chemists to provide reliable analytical data of most important environmental contaminants often surpasses the ability of ecotoxicologists to interpret those data. Offering guidance on the ecotoxicologically meaningful interpretation of tissue concentrations, Environmental Contaminants in Biota, Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, Second Edition is updated with current data and new ways of analyzing those data as well as additional contaminants not previously considered. Beginning with a history of wildlife toxicology and data interpretation, chapters cover a wide range of contaminants and their hazardous and lethal concentrations in various animals including DDT, Dioxins, PCBs, and PBDEs in aquatic organisms; methylmurcury, selenium, and trace metals in fishes and aquatic invertebrates; and pharmaceuticals and organic contaminants in marine mammals. The book considers the impact of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans, and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers; cyclodiene; and other organochlorine pesticides in birds and mammals. Later chapters examine the effects and analysis of lead, cadmium, and radionuclides in biota. With thousands of published research papers reporting tissue concentrations each year, Environmental Contaminants in Biota, Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, Second Edition gives ecotoxicologists the ability to draw actionable value regarding the toxicological consequences of those concentrations and relate tissue concentrations quantitatively to injury: the core of ecotoxicology"-- "Ecotoxicology is the study of the movement of environmental contaminants through ecosystems and their effects on plants and animals. Examining tissue residues of these contaminants in biota is basic to ecotoxicology, both for understanding the movement of contaminants within organisms and through food chains, and for understanding and quantifying injuries to organisms and their communities. This book provides guidance on interpreting tissue concentrations of environmental contaminants."-- Ch. 1. History of wildlife toxicology and the interpretation of contaminant concentrations in tissues / Barnett A. Rattner, Anton M. Scheuhammer, and John E. Elliott -- ch. 2. DDT and other organohalogen pesticides in aquatic organisms / Nancy Beckvar and Guilherme R. Lotufo -- ch. 3. Dioxins, PCBs, and PBDEs in aquatic organisms / Richard J. Wenning, Linda Martello, and Anne Prusak-Daniel -- ch. 4. Methylmercury in freshwater fish : recent advances in assessing toxicity of environmentally relevant exposures / Mark B. Sandheinrich and James G. Wiener -- ch. 5. Selenium accumulation and toxicity in freshwater fishes / David K. DeForest and William J. Adams -- ch. 6. Trace metals in aquatic invertebrates / Philip S. Rainbow and Samuel N. Luoma -- ch. 7. Organotins in aquatic biota : occurrence in tissue and toxicological significance / James P. Meador -- ch. 8. Active pharmaceutical ingredients and aquatic organisms / Christian G. Daughton and Bryan W. Brooks. Ch. 9. Organic contaminants in marine mammals : concepts in exposure, toxicity, and management / Lisa L. Loseto and Peter S. Ross -- ch. 10. Select elements and potential adverse effects in cetaceans and pinnipeds / Todd O'Hara [and others] -- ch. 11. Toxicological significance of pesticide residues in aquatic animals / Michael J. Lydy [and others] -- ch. 12. DDT, DDD, and DDE in birds / Lawrence J. Blus -- ch. 13. Cyclodiene and other organochloride pesticides in birds / John E. Elliott and Christine A. Bishop -- ch. 14. Effects of polychlorinated biphenyls, dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in wild birds / Megan L. Harris and John E. Elliott -- ch. 15. Toxicological implications of PCBs, PCDDs, and PCDFs in mammals / Matthew Zwiernik, Frouke Vermeulen, and Steven Bursian -- ch. 16. Lead in birds / J. Christian Franson and Deborah J. Pain -- ch. 17. Lead in mammals / Wei-Chun Ma -- ch. 18. Mercury in nonmarine birds and mammals / Richard F. Shore [and others] -- ch. 19. Cadmium in small mammals / John A. Cooke -- ch. 20. Cadmium in birds / Mark Wayland and Anthon M. Scheuhammer -- ch. 21. Selenium in birds / Harry M. Ohlendorf and Gary H. Heinz -- ch. 22. Radionuclides in biota / Bradley E. Sample and Cameron Irvine.