||Intraspecific Variation in Sensitivity to UV-B Radiation in Rice.
Barnes, P. W. ;
Maggard, S. ;
Holman, S. R. ;
Vergara, B. S. ;
||ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc., Corvallis, OR. Environmental Research Lab. ;Southwest Texas State Univ., San Marcos. Dept. of Biology. ;International Rice Research Inst., Los Banos, Laguna (Philippines).;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.;Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
||EPA-68-C8-0006, USDA-92-37100-7763; EPA/600/J-93/515;
Plant growth ;
Ultraviolet radiation ;
Tropical regions ;
Ultraviolet B radiation
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
Twenty-two cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa L.) from diverse origins were grown under greenhouse conditions and exposed to ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B; 280-320 nm) simulating a 5% reduction in stratospheric ozone in spring for the Philippines (14 deg N lat.) to evaluate growth and morphological responses to UV-B. In comparison to controls that received no UV-B, plants exposed to UV-B exhibited significantly reduced dry matter production (total plant and shoot), shoot height, leaf blade length and total leaf area, increased number of tillers, and greater weight fractions in leaf blades and roots. For most cultivars, the relative effects of UV-B on shoot morphology were greater than the effects on biomass production. The direction of the UV-B effects were generally similar for all cultivars, however, there were significant differences among cultivars in the magnitude of the UV-B-induced changes.