Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Toxic trace metals in mammalian hair and nails /
Author Jenkins, Dale W.,
CORP Author National Inst. of Scientific Research, Rancho Santa Fe, CA.;Environmental Monitoring and Support Lab., Las Vegas, NV.
Publisher United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory,
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-600/4-79-049; 68-03-0443; EPA-68-03-0443
Stock Number PB80-103997
OCLC Number 06072815
Subjects Trace elements--Toxicology ; Hair ; Nails (Anatomy)
Additional Subjects Metals ; Hair ; Nails(Anatomy) ; Trace elements ; Toxicology ; Humans ; Concentration(Composition) ; Age ; Sex ; Metalloids ; Accidents ; Exposure ; Diseases ; Distribution ; Trends ; Chemical analysis ; Toxic substances ; Bioaccumulation ; Heavy metals ; Forensic medicine
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-4-79-049 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/06/2014
EJBD  EPA 600-4-79-049 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/17/2014
EKBD  EPA-600/4-79-049 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 08/29/2003
ERAD  EPA 600/4-79-049 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 10/29/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-4-79-049 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB80-103997 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation viii, 184 pages : illustrations, figures, tables ; 28 cm.
Data have been compiled from the available world literature on the accumulation and bioconcentration of selected toxic trace metals in human hair and nails and other mammalian hair, fur, nails, claws, and hoofs. The toxic trace metals and metalloids include antimony, arsenic, boron, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, lead, mercury, nickel, selenium, tin, and vanadium. These have been tabulated by toxic metal, geographic area, subjects, sex, age, exposure gradient, analyses in ppm, and authority, from over 400 references. This compilation should provide background baseline reference information to help evaluate the usefulness of tissues for biological monitoring, and to help in the establishment of national or worldwide biological monitoring systems and networks. The various uses of hair for biological monitoring are reviewed for correlating with environmental exposure gradients, diseases associated with excesses and deficiencies, geographic distribution, and historic trends. The advantages and disadvantages of using hair for biological monitoring are discussed. It appears to be that if hair and nail samples are collected, cleaned, and analyzed properly with the best analytical methods under controlled conditions by experienced personnel, the data are valid. Human hair and nails have been found to be meaningful and representative tissues for biological monitoring for most of these toxic metals.
"August 1979." "National Institute of Scientific Research, Rancho Santa Fe, California." Includes bibliographical references (pages 161-184). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Contract No. Contract Number: 68-03-0443."