Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Effects of wastewater and cooling water chlorination on aquatic life /
Author Brungs, William A.,
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab., Duluth, Minn.
Publisher Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-600/3-76-098
Stock Number PB-257 700
OCLC Number 02493995
Subjects Chlorine--Toxicology ; Fishes--Effect of water pollution on ; Water quality bioassay
Additional Subjects Cooling water ; Waste water ; Chlorination ; Aquatic animals ; Aquatic plants ; Reviews ; Municipalities ; Regulations ; Organic compounds ; Marine microorganisms ; Bromination ; Bromine halides ; Sewage treatment ; Disinfection ; Bioassay ; Fresh water biology ; Trout ; Salmon ; Ecology ; Minnesota ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Water pollution effects(Plants) ; Dechlorination
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJED  EPA 600/3-76/098 OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 07/01/2005
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-3-76-098 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD  EPA 600-3-76-098 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 04/10/1998
ELDD  EPA-600/3-76-098 CCTE/GLTED Library/Duluth,MN 08/09/2002
ERAD  EPA 600/3-76-098 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 01/17/1997
ESAD  EPA 600-3-76-098 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-257 700 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation vi, 46 pages ; 28 cm
The literature since 1972 pertaining to wastewater and cooling water chlorination is discussed under the following headings: review papers, chlorinated municipal wastewaters, continuously chlorinated water, intermittently chlorinated water, dechlorination, avoidance, formation of chlorinated organic compounds, aquatic life criteria and application factors, and regulations. Field and laboratory research results support a single criterion of 0.003 mg/l for continuous exposure of freshwater organisms. The former distinction between warmwater and coldwater systems is no longer appropriate; recent data indicate that several freshwater fish species are as sensitive as trout and salmon. The present concern for the formation of chlorinated organics in water and wastewaters is justifiable and the greatest present need is to determine the ecological significance, if any, of these results.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 32-45).