Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Energy conservation through point source recycle with high temperature hyperfiltration /
Author Gaddis, J. L. ; Brandon, C. A. ; Porter, J. J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Brandon, C. A.
Porter, John J.
CORP Author Clemson Univ., SC. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; National Technical Information Service [distributor],
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-600/7-79-131; EPA-R-803875
Stock Number PB-299 183
OCLC Number 06901046
Subjects Textile industry--Energy conservation. ; Ultrafiltration. ; Textile finishing. ; Textile finishing. ; Textile industry--Energy conservation. ; Ultrafiltration.
Additional Subjects Water pollution control ; Energy conservation ; Textile industry ; Water consumption ; Filtration ; High temperature tests ; Membranes ; Industrial waste treatment ; Circulation ; Field tests ; Economic analysis ; Process charting ; Performance evaluation ; Revisions ; Dyes ; Hyperfiltration ; Waste water reuse ; Ultrafiltration ; Point sources
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-7-79-131 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/18/2014
ESAD  EPA 600-7-79-131 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-299 183 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation xi, 172 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The report gives results of a study of energy conservation effects of point source recycle with high-temperature hyperfiltration (HF) in the textile industry. (HF and ultrafiltration (UF) are pressure-driven membrane processes which have potential for recycle of water, energy, and chemicals in wet finish operations.) The reuse of water, energy, and chemicals can be best achieved if separations are applied to individual point-source streams rather than to total-plant mixed effluents. Five wet processes comprise a large fraction of total textile operations and require over half of the total energy used: preparation in rope and open-width ranges, and dyeing in continuous thermosol ranges, in pressure becks, and in atmospheric becks. Plant sites were visited and data taken on operations on which to base estimates of potential energy and materials to be saved. Each process effluent was sampled and analyzed to determine which membrane (HF or UF) should be used. Two small equipment skids allowed membrane operation at the plant sites. The permeate water in each case was reusable. Estimates of energy recoverable per mass of cloth processed (kJ/kg) for each operation are: rope preparation, 2646; open-width preparation, 5766; continuous dyeing, 2449; atmospheric beck dyeing, 20,115; high-pressure beck dyeing, 3910; and low-pressure beck dyeing, 1964.
"Clemson University, Department of Mechanical Engineering." "June 1979." Includes bibliographical references (page 171).